banner

Regular Meeting of the Board of Education
Irvine USD
February 04, 2020 6:30PM
IRVINE UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT Administration Center 5050 Barranca Parkway Irvine, CA 92604 5:00 p.m. Closed Session / 6:30 p.m. Regular Meeting

1. CALL TO ORDER
2. ORAL COMMUNICATION
Quick Summary / Abstract:
Opportunities for public input occur prior to closed session (limited to closed session agenda items), at the beginning of each agenda item and at Oral Communication (for items not on the agenda). Persons wishing to address the Board should complete a blue request form, available on the information table, and submit it to the Board Secretary. Each topic or item is limited to 30 minutes; each speaker is limited to 3 minutes.
3. CLOSED SESSION
Quick Summary / Abstract:
Conducted in accordance with applicable sections of California law, Closed Sessions are not open to the general public. If additional time is required, the Board will reconvene the Closed Session at the end of the regular meeting.
3.a. Student Discipline Issues (1 case) [Education Code Sections 35146 and 48918(c)]
3.b. Public Employee Performance Evaluation [Government Code Section 54957]
Quick Summary / Abstract:
    • Superintendent's Goals and Objectives 2019-20
4. RECONVENE REGULAR MEETING - 6:30 PM
5. PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE / ROLL CALL
6. REPORT OF CLOSED SESSION DISCUSSION / ACTION
7. STUDENT DISCIPLINE
7.a. Case No. 03H-1920
Rationale:

The Board of Education has established policies and standards of behavior in order to promote learning and protect the safety and well-being of all students. When these policies and standards are violated, it may be necessary to suspend or expel a student from regular classroom instruction.

In accordance with Education Code Sections 35146 and 48918, actions of student discipline relative to expulsions are reviewed and acted upon by the Board. In addition, Board Policy, Administrative Regulation, and Administrative Procedure 5144 delineates the program and procedures to be utilized related to student conduct including the expulsion and readmission procedures for students.


IUSD/Parham/Blakely
Board Agenda
February 4, 2020

 
Recommended Motion:

Approve the staff recommendation to expel Case No. 03H-1920 for the remainder of the first semester of the 2019-20 school year and for the second semester of the 2019-20 school year.

Quick Summary / Abstract:

Approve the staff recommendation to expel Case No. 03H-1920 for the remainder of the first semester of the 2019-20 school year and for the second semester of the 2019-20 school year.

8. APPROVAL OF MINUTES
Recommended Motion:

Approve the minutes of the following meeting(s), as presented:

November 12, 2019 - Regular Meeting
November 19, 2019 - Special Meeting
December 17, 2019 - Regular Meeting

Quick Summary / Abstract:
Approve the minutes of the following meeting(s), as presented:

November 12, 2019 - Regular Meeting
November 19, 2019 - Special Meeting
December 17, 2019 - Regular Meeting
Attachments:
Minutes - 111219
Minutes - 111919
Minutes - 121719
9. ADOPTION OF AGENDA
Recommended Motion:
Adopt agenda, as presented.

Quick Summary / Abstract:
Adopt agenda, as presented.
10. SPECIAL PRESENTATIONS / RECOGNITIONS
10.a. Irvine Company - Excellence in Education Enrichment Fund
Quick Summary / Abstract:
  • Jeffrey Davis, Vice President, for the Irvine Company
11. ORAL COMMUNICATION
Quick Summary / Abstract:
An opportunity to speak to a topic not on the agenda; limited to 3 minutes per person; 30 minutes per topic.
12. STUDENT BOARD MEMBER REPORTS
13. SUPERINTENDENT'S REPORT
14. ANNOUNCEMENTS AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
15. CONSENT CALENDAR
Quick Summary / Abstract:
All matters of the Consent Calendar are considered to be routine and will be enacted by the Board in one motion, without prior discussion. At this time an item may be removed from the consent calendar by the Board, staff, or community for discussion.
16. CONSENT CALENDAR - Business Services
16.a. Check Register Report
Rationale:
Commercial Check Registers are presented to the Board of Education listing checks which have been issued in accordance with the established purchasing procedures and administrative regulations of the Irvine Unified School District.

These checks represent previously approved purchase orders and contracts and are presented to the Board of Education for ratification in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Education and Government Code Statutes of the State of California. A copy of the full report is attached.

District 75, Irvine Unified School District - Numbers 00307443 through 00308732
District 50, CFD No. 01-1 - Numbers 00001803 through 00001803
District 44, CFD No. 86-1 - Numbers 00008071 through 00008081
District 41, Irvine Child Care Project - Numbers 00003590 through 00003600
Revolving Cash - Numbers 49352 through 49375


IUSD/Fogarty/Payton
Board Agenda
February 4, 2020

Attachment

 
Recommended Motion:
Ratify issuance of check numbers as listed, representing Board authorized purchase orders, invoices and contracts.
Quick Summary / Abstract:
Ratify issuance of check numbers as listed, representing Board authorized purchase orders, invoices and contracts.
Attachments:
02-04-2020 Check Register Report
16.b. Contract Services Action Report 2019-20/10
Rationale:
ALLELOUS, INC.
Contractor to provide an artist to facilitate an interactive art activity during the lunch period at Irvine High School’s Unity Week event.

February 20, 2020 – February 20, 2020
Colunga/Irvine High School
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $500.00
Other: Irvine High School ASB

ALL STAR EVENTS, INC.
Contractor to provide event coordination including, but not limited to, facility use, decorations, equipment rentals, entertainment, and catering for the Prom 2021 event at Northwood High School.

May 22, 2021 – May 22, 2021
Roach/Northwood High School
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $75,000.00
Other: Northwood High School ASB

ALL STAR EVENTS, INC.
Contractor to provide event coordination including, but not limited to, facility use, decorations, equipment rentals, entertainment, and catering for the Prom 2022 event at Northwood High School.

May 21, 2022 – May 21, 2022
Roach/Northwood High School
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $75,000.00
Other: Northwood High School ASB

ATKINSON, ANDELSON, LOYA, RUUD & ROMO
Consultant to provide legal and consulting services related to mapping and districting to the Business Services Department for the 2019-20 fiscal year.

July 1, 2019 – June 30, 2020
Budget No.: 0100503071-5839
Fogarty/Business Services
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $42,500.00
Unrestricted General Fund – Fund 01
Ratify

ATKINSON, ANDELSON, LOYA, RUUD & ROMO
Consultant to provide general professional legal services to the Superintendent’s Office as needed.
(Previously Board Approved on June 11, 2019, August 20, 2019 and December 17, 2019.)

July 1, 2019 – June 30, 2020
Budget No.: 0100100271-5839
Walker/Superintendent’s Office
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $75,000.00
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $100,000.00
Unrestricted General Fund – Fund 01

BRAIN LEARNING PSYCHOLOGICAL CORPORATION
Contractor to perform Independent Educational Evaluation(s) (IEE) in the areas of Psychoeducation, functional behavioral assessment, educationally related mental health assessment, and/or speech as agreed upon by the Special Education Department during the 2019-20 fiscal year.

January 9, 2020 – June 30, 2020
Budget No.: 0101755710-5811
Hertig/Special Education Services
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $15,000.00
Restricted General Fund – Fund 01
Ratify

CHUNK N CHIP COOKIES, INC.
Contractor to provide catering services for the Class of 2020 Senior Barbeque event at Northwood High School.

May 21, 2020 – May 21, 2020
Roach/Northwood High School
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $5,000.00
Other: Northwood High School ASB

COX COMMUNICATIONS CALIFORNIA, LLC
Contractor to provide point-to-point circuits for Irvine Unified School District’s Public, Education, and Government (PEG) Channel – Cox Channel 39.

March 1, 2020 – February 28, 2023
Budget No.: 0190001672-5920
Walker/Superintendent’s Office
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $10,800.00
Unrestricted General Fund – Fund 01

EDGENUITY, INC.
Contractor to provide online blended learning courses and curriculum for grades 7-12 that will be used by San Joaquin Schools. Students throughout Irvine Unified School District (IUSD) have access to take these blended learning courses. The courses will be used according to program need to provide instruction in both original credit and credit recovery programs. A valid California Student Data Privacy Agreement (CSDPA) between IUSD and Contractor is on file.
(Previously Board Approved May 28, 2019.)

July 1, 2019 – June 30, 2020
Budget No.: 0161674510-5810
Roberts/Creekside Education Center
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $26,000.00
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $32,650.00
Restricted General Fund – Fund 01

January 1, 2020 – June 30, 2020
Budget No.: 0161452110-4301
Roberts/Creekside Education Center
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $3,350.00
Restricted General Fund – Fund 01

EIDE BAILLY, LLP
Consultant to provide the required annual financial and performance audit of Building Fund 21 (Measure E) for Irvine Unified School District for fiscal years 2019-2020, 2020-2021, and 2021-2022.

February 1, 2021 – January 31, 2024
Budget No.: 2100569181-5838
Fogarty/Business Services
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $31,500.00
Building Fund – Fund 21

EIDE BAILLY, LLP
Consultant to provide the required annual financial and performance audit of Community Facilities District No. 09-1 of the Irvine Unified School District for fiscal years 2019-2020, 2020-2021, and 2021-2022.

February 1, 2021 – January 31, 2024
Budget No.: 4300584381-5838
Fogarty/Business Services
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $17,500.00
Community Facilities District – CFD 09-1

EIDE BAILLY, LLP
Consultant to provide the required annual financial and performance audit of the Irvine Unified School District Financing Authority for fiscal years 2019-2020, 2020-2021, and 2021-2022.

February 1, 2021 – January 31, 2024
Budget No.: 4800584881-5838
Fogarty/Business Services
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $2,420.00
Community Facilities District – CFD 04-1

February 1, 2021 – January 31, 2024
Budget No.: 4700584781-5838
Fogarty/Business Services
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $13,860.00
Community Facilities District – CFD 04-2A

February 1, 2021 – January 31, 2024
Budget No.: 4600584681-5838
Fogarty/Business Services
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $5,720.00
Community Facilities District – CFD 04-2B

EQUAL OPPORTUNITY SCHOOLS
Contractor to assist school leaders with identifying and enrolling students who can succeed in Advanced Placement (AP) courses who are not yet enrolled in AP courses for systematic reasons related to race or socioeconomics.
(Previously Board Approved on March 26, 2019.)

July 1, 2019 – June 30, 2020
Budget No.: 0100900520-5810
Parham/Education Services
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $122,000.00
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $134,000.00
Unrestricted General Fund – Fund 01

KEIL, MITCHELL
Contractor to provide transcription of Nemeth (Braille Mathematics) files and electronic drawing pages during the 2019-20 fiscal year.

January 15, 2020 – June 30, 2020
Budget No.: 0101755710-5811
Hertig/Special Education Services
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $20,000.00
Restricted General Fund – Fund 01
Ratify

N-EFFECT PRODUCTIONS
Contractor to provide coordinating services including venue, decorations, catering, and entertainment for University High School’s Prom 2021 event.

May 22, 2021 – May 22, 2021
Astor/University High School
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $60,000.00
Other: University High School ASB

ORANGE COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS – AUDITORY PROCESSING DISORDER (APD) ASSESSMENT SERVICES
Contractor to provide Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) assessments as needed.

December 1, 2019 – June 30, 2020
Budget No.: 0101755210-5810
Hertig/Special Education Services
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $9,250.00
Restricted General Fund – Fund 01
Ratify

ORANGE COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS – SERVICE AGREEMENT
Contractor to provide a two (2) hour training on the importance of the Census 2020 and ways to share this information with students.  Teachers will be compensated $50.00 per hour for participation, not to exceed $100.00.

February 11, 2020 – February 11, 2020
Budget No.: 0100909300-8699
Phillips/Education Services
Income....................................................... not to exceed $10,000.00
Unrestricted General Fund – Fund 01

ORANGE COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS - PRESCHOOL GLAD® TRAINING
Contractor to provide training for a maximum of thirty (30) Irvine Unified School District teachers and/or school administrators on the Orange County Department of Education’s Preschool GLAD® training model.  Consultant to reimburse participating teachers $500.00 through the Dual Language Learner Professional Development Grant.

April 1, 2019 – June 30, 2020
Budget No.: 1202766900-8699
Hunter/Early Childhood Education Center
Income....................................................... not to exceed $15,000.00
Child Development Fund – Fund 12
Ratify

ORANGE COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS – QRIS BLOCK GRANT
Contractor to provide a portion of the California State Preschool Program Quality Rating and Improvement System (QRIS) Block Grant funds to the California State Preschool Program (CSPP) at the Early Childhood Learning Center.  Irvine Unified School District shall complete reporting of all expenditures for each second and fourth quarter period.

July 1, 2019 – June 30, 2020
Budget No.: 1202747100-8590
Hunter/Early Childhood Education Center
Income....................................................... not to exceed $10,000.00
Child Development Fund – Fund 12
Ratify

OVERDRIVE
Contractor to provide web-based services and support to increase the enjoyment of reading by providing additional fiction and non-fiction materials to students, parents and staff.
(Previously Board Approved August 20, 2019.)

July 1, 2019 – June 30, 2020
Budget No.: 0100952110-5831
Schlichting/Student Support Services
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $2,500.00
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $5,500.00
Restricted General Fund – Fund 01

July 1, 2019 – June 30, 2020
Budget No.: 0100909320-5810
Schlichting/Student Support Services
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $2,293.85
Unrestricted General Fund – Fund 01

PUPPIES AND REPTILES FOR PARTIES
Contractor to provide a Puppy Petting Zoo during the Unity Week Fun Day event at Irvine High School.

February 21, 2020 – February 21, 2020
Colunga/Irvine High School
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $505.00
Other: Irvine High School ASB

STUDIOWC
In accordance with public contract code, Contractor to provide services on behalf of the Irvine Unified School District to bid and construct the replacement of a portion of the existing underground 4160 V, 3-phase distribution system on the University High School campus.

February 5, 2020 – December 30, 2020
Budget No.: 0100505381-5810
Hoffman/Maintenance, Operations & Transportation
Fee....................................................... not to exceed $36,000.00
Restricted General Fund – Fund 01

No Cost Agreements

ACT, INC.
Contractor to administer and process the Pre-American College Testing (PACT) exam to Irvine Unified School District (IUSD) students.  Costs for administering the PACT exam will be submitted for approval through the Purchase Order Detail Report.  A Data Privacy Agreement (DPA) is to be established between IUSD and the Contractor.

July 1, 2019 – June 30, 2020
Ford/Information Services
Ratify

COASTLINE REGIONAL OCCUPATIONAL PROGRAM (ROP)
A Memorandum of Understanding for a Joint Powers Authority (JPA) for participation in the Career Technical Education Incentive Grant (CTEIG) is to be established between Coastline ROP and partner districts.  Coastline ROP is to serve as the administrative agency for the JPA; services include receiving and administering a proportional percentage of allocated funds and the submission of plans, applications, and fiscal claims to the California Department of Education.

February 4, 2020 – December 31, 2021
Tuominen/Education Services

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH CARE SERVICES
A revised Provider Participation Agreement (PPA) to be established between Irvine Unified School District (IUSD), an official Local Educational Agencies (LEA) Provider, and the Department of Health Care Services to allow IUSD continued participation in the LEA Medi-Cal Billing Option Program.

July 1, 2020 – Termination by Either Party or Revision
Hertig/Special Education Services

EXPLOROS, INC.
Contractor to provide a free digital education software designed to increase student engagement through collaborative learning.  A California Student Data Privacy Agreement (CSDPA) is to be established between Irvine Unified School District and the Contractor.

February 5, 2020 – February 4, 2023
Ford/Information Services

GEOGEBRA GmbH
Contractor to provide a free dynamic mathematics software that brings geometry, algebra, spreadsheets, graphics, statistics, and calculus together for all levels of education. A California Student Data Privacy Agreement (CSDPA) is to be established between Irvine Unified School District and the Contractor.

March 1, 2020 – February 28, 2023
Ford/Information Services

KIDBLOG, INC.
Contractor to provide tools to safely publish student writing and enable teachers to monitor all activity within a community of authors.  Individual purchases funded from school site budgets and approved through the Purchase Order Detail Report.  A California Student Data Privacy Agreement (CSDPA) is to be established between Irvine Unified School District and the Contractor.

February 5, 2020 – January 13, 2023
Ford/Information Services

MANAGED METHODS, INC.
Contractor to provide a free trial for a cloud security platform designed to manage G Suite and Office 365 security.  A California Student Data Privacy Agreement (CSDPA) is to be established between Irvine Unified School District and the Contractor.

February 5, 2020 – February 4, 2023
Ford/Information Services

STARFALL EDUCATION FOUNDATION
Contractor to provide free online math and language arts activities for pre-kindergarten through second grade students.  A California Student Data Privacy Agreement (CSDPA) is to be renewed between Irvine Unified School District and the Contractor.

March 1, 2020 – March 18, 2022
Ford/Information Services

STUDIES WEEKLY, INC.
Contractor to provide K-8 social studies and K-6 science print and digital instructional materials.  Purchases funded by individual school site budgets and approved through the Purchase Order Detail Report.  A California Student Data Privacy Agreement (CSDPA) is to be renewed between Irvine Unified School District and the Contractor.

March 1, 2020 – February 28, 2023
Ford/Information Services

UNSPLASH, INC.
Contractor to provide Unsplash Instant, a free Google Chrome browser extension which shows a high-resolution photo each time a new tab is opened.  A California Student Data Privacy Agreement (CSDPA) is to be established between Irvine Unified School District and the Contractor.

February 5, 2020 – February 4, 2023
Ford/Information Services


IUSD/Fogarty/Payton
Board Agenda
February 4, 2020

 
Financial Impact:
Child Development Fund – not to exceed ($25,000.00)

Community Facilities District – not to exceed $39,500.00

Building Fund – not to exceed $31,500.00

Restricted General Fund – not to exceed $93,250.00

Unrestricted General Fund – not to exceed $82,593.85

Other Funds – ASB and/or Donations – not to exceed $216,005.00
Recommended Motion:
Approve and/or ratify the Contract Services Action Report 2019-20/10, as submitted.
Quick Summary / Abstract:
Approve and/or ratify the Contract Services Action Report 2019-20/10, as submitted.
16.c. Purchase Order Detail Report
Rationale:
The purchase orders listed on the Purchase Order Detail Report are processed in compliance with the applicable purchasing procedures and administrative regulations of the Irvine Unified School District. A copy of the full report is attached. A purchase order cannot be initiated unless the funds necessary have been previously approved in the school or program budget by the Board of Education. Each purchase order has been approved in the form of a requisition by the school administrator or manager responsible for the respective site or program. After initial approval at the local level, each requisition is reviewed and, if appropriate, authorized for processing in the form of a purchase order by staff of the Business Department.


IUSD/Fogarty/Payton
Board Agenda
February 4, 2020

Attachment
 
Financial Impact:
All expenditures have been made within the authorized budget.
Recommended Motion:
Approve the Purchase Order Detail Report dated January 24, 2020.
Quick Summary / Abstract:
Approve the Purchase Order Detail Report dated January 24, 2020.
Attachments:
02-04-2020 Purchase Order Detail Report
16.d. Selection of Auditor for District Funds
Rationale:
Education Code section 41020 requires that school districts contract for annual financial audits.  School districts are not required to go to bid for special services, including audits, pursuant to Government Code section 53060. Contracts may be for up to three (3) years and must be entered into no later than April 1 of the year to be audited or the County Department of Education is empowered to appoint an auditor for the district.

Eide Bailly, LLP, previously Vavrinek, Trine, Day and Co., LLP, has provided audit services to Irvine Unified School District (IUSD) since 1996.  To ensure objectivity of the annual audit, IUSD requests a change in the audit partner every three (3) years.  The law specifies that a change in partner occur every six (6) years.

Effective July 22, 2019, VTD joined Eide Bailly, LLP, one of the top 25 Certified Public Accountant and business advisory firms in the nation.  The name change was approved by the IUSD Board of Education on August 20, 2019 and has had no impact on the service team or the high level of service provided.

IUSD/Fogarty
Board Agenda
February 4, 2020
 
Financial Impact:
Three year contract:   2019-20 - $77,700;  2020-21 - $79,700;  and 2021-22 - $79,700.

Recommended Motion:
Authorize the Assistant Superintendent, Business Services, to enter into a three-year contract with Eide Bailly, LLP for auditing services.
Quick Summary / Abstract:
Authorize the Assistant Superintendent, Business Services, to enter into a three-year contract with Eide Bailly, LLP for auditing services.
17. CONSENT CALENDAR - Education Services
17.a. Field Trips and Excursions
Rationale:
District policy states that field trips or excursions that involve out-of-state travel, overnight travel, air travel or solicitation of funds in excess of $3,500 shall be submitted to the Superintendent or designee for review and recommendation to the Board.

District policy further states that no expenses of students participating in a field trip or excursion shall be paid with school district funds, unless the field trip is required as part of an approved program. If an individual cannot raise the funds, a scholarship or other form of financial support shall be provided. The source of this financial support shall not be from any IUSD account.

Applications for the attached field trips were received for approval. District liability will apply.


IUSD/Parham
Board Agenda
February 4, 2020

Attachment
 
Recommended Motion:
Approve/ratify field trips and excursions funded by donations as submitted.
Quick Summary / Abstract:
Approve/ratify field trips and excursions funded by donations as submitted.
Attachments:
Field Trips and Excursions 2-4-20
18. CONSENT CALENDAR - Human Resources
18.a. Certificated Personnel Action Report 2019-20/10
Rationale:

The Certificated Personnel Action Report represents proposed Employment, Resignations, Separations and/or Retirements to/from the Irvine Unified School District.

IUSD/O'Donovan/Krumes
Board Agenda
February 4, 2020

Attachment

 
Recommended Motion:

Approve and/or ratify the Certificated Personnel Action Report 2019-20/10 as submitted for Employment, Resignations and Temporary Employee Release.

Quick Summary / Abstract:
Approve and/or ratify the Certificated Personnel Action Report 2019-20/10 as submitted for Employment, Resignations and Temporary Employee Release.
Attachments:
Certificated Personnel Action Report 2019-20/10
18.b. Classified Personnel Action Report 2019-20/10
Rationale:
The Classified Personnel Action Report represents proposed Employment, Resignations, Separations and/or Retirements to/from the Irvine Unified School District.


IUSD/O'Donovan/Baum
Board Agenda
February 4, 2020

Attachment
 
Recommended Motion:
Approve and/or ratify the Classified Personnel Action Report 2019-20/10 as submitted for Employment, Retirement, Resignations and Separations.
Quick Summary / Abstract:
Approve and/or ratify the Classified Personnel Action Report 2019-20/10 as submitted for Employment, Retirement, Resignations and Separations.
Attachments:
Classified Personnel Action Report 2019-20/10
18.c. Student Teacher Placement Agreement for 2019-20
Rationale:

For several years, the District has established formal student teacher placement agreements with colleges and universities. The following colleges request to enter into an agreement with the Irvine Unified School District for teacher preparation programs for the 2019-20 school year:

  • University of Northern Colorado, College of Natural and Health Sciences, Speech-Language Pathology Program
  • San Francisco State University, Speech-Language Pathology Program

In order to continue the Irvine Unified School District's participation with selected teacher preparation programs, it is desirable to continue agreements with the above teacher preparation institutions.

IUSD/O'Donovan
Board Agenda
February 4, 2020
 
Recommended Motion:
Approve the Student Teacher Placement Agreement between the named institutions and the Irvine Unified School District.
Quick Summary / Abstract:
Approve the Student Teacher Placement Agreement between the named institutions and the Irvine Unified School District.
19. CONSENT CALENDAR - Special Education
19.a. Special Education Master Contract(s)
Rationale:

Each year the district prepares a master agreement for special education services with nonpublic schools and nonpublic agencies. In addition to the general agreement, individual service agreements for each identified special education student are negotiated at each IEP meeting. NPS/NPA provides work cooperatively within the district or other local public schools.


IUSD/Parham/Hertig
Board Agenda
February 4, 2020

Attachment
 
Financial Impact:
$200,000.00 for the 2019-20 school year in Special Education related services
Recommended Motion:
Authorize the Executive Director of Special Education to contract with and sign Master Contract(s) and the individual pupil service contract(s) for disabled student(s) negotiated between the Irvine Unified School District and State Certified Nonpublic Schools/Agencies.
Quick Summary / Abstract:
Authorize the Executive Director of Special Education to contract with and sign Master Contract(s) and the individual pupil service contract(s) for disabled student(s) negotiated between the Irvine Unified School District and State Certified Nonpublic Schools/Agencies.
Attachments:
NPS-NPA Details for February 4, 2020 Board Meeting
19.b. Contract for Special Education Related Services
Rationale:
On occasion, it is appropriate for the District to enter into a contract arrangement with parents of students with special education needs. A small percentage of more severely involved special education students have very unique needs that cannot be met entirely by special education employees of IUSD who normally support our school-based programs. It is frequently financially advantageous to the district to have the flexibility to provide these specialized services without the usual employment restrictions associated with education code procedures. All services are provided as required by federal and state mandates or the IEP.


IUSD/Parham/Hertig
Board Agenda
February 4, 2020
 
Financial Impact:
$65,700.00 in Special Education related services
Recommended Motion:
Authorize payment for special education related services in an amount not to exceed $65,700.00 for ongoing educational services to two (2) families.
Quick Summary / Abstract:
Authorize payment for special education related services in an amount not to exceed $65,700.00 for ongoing educational services to two (2) families.
19.c. Special Education Settlement Agreement(s)
Rationale:

Pursuant to the Settlement Agreement(s), the negotiated agreement(s) has/have been reached.


IUSD/Parham/Hertig
Board Agenda
February 4, 2020

 
Financial Impact:
$33,500.00 Special Education related services
Recommended Motion:
Approve agreement(s) to settle one (1) case in accordance with the terms of the Settlement Agreement(s) and authorize the Executive Director of Special Education to enter into the negotiated agreement(s).
Quick Summary / Abstract:
Approve agreement(s) to settle one (1) case in accordance with the terms of the Settlement Agreement(s) and authorize the Executive Director of Special Education to enter into the negotiated agreement(s).
20. CONSENT CALENDAR - Superintendent
20.a. Conference Attendance
Rationale:

Board approval and/or ratification is required for the attendance of staff at the following out-of-state events:

Event: Test Student Placed at Residential Treatment Center (RTC)
Location: Springbrook, SC
Dates: January 26-29, 2020
Attendees: Stephanie Pettey and Angela Weedn
Cost: $3,400.00
Budget: 0101757620-5210

Event: Visit Student Placed at Residential Treatment Center (RTC)
Location: Devereux, TX
Dates: March 3-5, 2020
Attendees: Stephanie Pettey
Cost: $1,150.00
Budget: 0101757620-5210

Event: Visit Student Placed at Residential Treatment Center (RTC)
Location: Layton, UT
Dates: March 18-20, 2020
Attendees: Stephanie Pettey
Cost: $1,050.00
Budget: 0101757620-5210

Event: Visit Student Placed at Residential Treatment Center (RTC)
Location: Paola, KS and Lake Ozark, MO
Dates: March 31-April 3, 2020
Attendees: Stephanie Pettey
Cost: $1,850.00
Budget: 0101757620-5210

Event: Visit Student Placed at Residential Treatment Center (RTC)
Location: Hurricane, UT
Dates: April 8-10, 2020
Attendees: Stephanie Pettey
Cost: $1,011.15
Budget: 0101757620-5210



IUSD/Walker
Board Agenda
February 4, 2020

 
Recommended Motion:

Approve/ratify out-of-state conference attendance for staff, as follows:

1) Stephanie Pettey and Angela Weedn to Springbrook, SC, January 26-29, 2020, for $3,400.00,
2) Stephanie Pettey to Devereux, TX, March 3-5, 2020, for $1,150.00,
3) Stephanie Pettey to Layton, UT, March 18-20, 2020, for $1,050.00,
4) Stephanie Pettey to Paola, KS and Lake Ozark, MO, March 31-April 3, 2020, for $1,850.00,
5) Stephanie Pettey to Hurricane, UT, April 8-10, 2020, for $1,011.15.

Quick Summary / Abstract:

Approve/ratify out-of-state conference attendance for staff, as follows:

1) Stephanie Pettey and Angela Weedn to Springbrook, SC, January 26-29, 2020, for $3,400.00,
2) Stephanie Pettey to Devereux, TX, March 3-5, 2020, for $1,150.00,
3) Stephanie Pettey to Layton, UT, March 18-20, 2020, for $1,050.00,
4) Stephanie Pettey to Paola, KS and Lake Ozark, MO, March 31-April 3, 2020, for $1,850.00,
5) Stephanie Pettey to Hurricane, UT, April 8-10, 2020, for $1,011.15.

21. FACILITIES CONSENT CALENDAR
Quick Summary / Abstract:
All matters of the Community Facilities District Consent Calendar are considered to be routine and will be enacted by the Board in one motion, without prior discussion. At this time an item may be removed from the Consent Calendar by the Board, staff, or community for discussion.
21.a. Change Order Requests for the Measure E Series 1 Improvements – Classroom Building Expansion Projects at Brywood, Meadow Park, and Springbrook Elementary Schools
Rationale:
Certain modifications were issued during the construction phase of the Measure E Series 1 Improvements – Classroom Building Expansion projects at Brywood, Meadow Park, and Springbrook Elementary Schools and require a change order to the contract.  A list of each item, the requesting party, a brief explanation of the reason for the change, and the cost of the change are available in the Facilities office upon request.

The following list contains the bid categories, contractors, change order amounts, and brief descriptions.  The cumulative total of the change orders to the contractors listed below is within the 10% allowed by the Public Contract Code.

Change Order Requests

Description: Change Order
Bid Package No.: 06 Flooring, Ceramic, & Quarry Tile
Contractor: Continental Flooring, Inc.
Requested by: District
Site: Springbrook Elementary School SBE06-01
Reason: Credit for Armstrong resilient flooring in lieu of Nora System flooring.
Amount: < $6,653.00 >

Description: Change Order
Bid Package No.: 11 Electrical & Low Voltage
Contractor: RDM Electric Co., Inc.
Requested by: District
Site: Springbrook Elementary School SBE11-01
Reason: Credit for twelve floor power boxes.
Amount: < $5,364.00 >

Description: Change Order
Bid Package No.: 12 Structural & Site Concrete and Earthwork
Contractor: K.A.R. Construction, Inc.
Requested by: District
Site: Springbrook Elementary School SBE12-01
Reason: Credit for the color of concrete columns.
Amount: < $208.00 >

The total contract amount awarded for the project to date is $9,119,081.00.  The total of all change orders is < $182,587.00 > or < 2.00% > of the project.   The new total of all contract amounts shall be $8,936,494.00.

IUSD/Fogarty/Okino
Board Agenda
February 4, 2020

 
Financial Impact:
< $12,225.00 > Funding may be provided by various sources, including, but not limited to: Building Fund – Fund 21, Capital Facilities Fund – Fund 25, Special Reserve Fund for Capital Outlay Projects – Fund 40, and Community Facilities District – CFD 86-1.
Recommended Motion:
Approve the listed change orders in the amount of < $12,225.00 > for the Measure E Series 1 Improvements – Classroom Building Expansion projects at Brywood, Meadow Park and Springbrook Elementary Schools. No change to the completion date.
Quick Summary / Abstract:
Approve the listed change orders in the amount of < $12,225.00 > for the Measure E Series 1 Improvements – Classroom Building Expansion projects at Brywood, Meadow Park and Springbrook Elementary Schools. No change to the completion date.
21.b. Change Order Request for the Measure E Series 1 Improvements – Modernization Projects at Springbrook and Westpark Elementary Schools
Rationale:
Certain modifications were issued during the construction phase of the Measure E Series 1 Improvements – Modernization projects at Springbrook and Westpark Elementary Schools and require a change order to the contract.  A list of each item, the requesting party, a brief explanation of the reason for the change, and the cost of the change are available in the Facilities office upon request.

The following list contains the bid category, contractor, change order amount, and brief description.  The cumulative total of the change order to the contractor listed below is within the 10% allowed by the Public Contract Code.

Change Order Request

Description: Change Order
Bid Package No.: 4 Architectural Millwork and Finish Carpentry
Contractor: Stolo Cabinets, Inc.
Requested by: District
Site: Springbrook Elementary School No. SB04-01
Reason: Credit for wood ceiling scope of work and the deletion of casework in Hallway #1 and Staff Kitchen Room 209.
Amount: < $14,674.00 >

The total contract amount awarded for the project to date is $15,645,568.00.  The total of all change orders is $220,498.00 or 1.41% of the project. The new total of all contract amounts shall be $15,866,066.00.

IUSD/Fogarty/Okino
Board Agenda
February 4, 2020

 
Financial Impact:
< $14,674.00 > Funding may be provided by various sources, including, but not limited to: Building Fund – Fund 21, Capital Facilities Fund – 25, Special Reserve Fund for Capital Outlay Projects – Fund 40, and Community Facilities District – CFD 86-1.
Recommended Motion:
Approve the listed change order in the amount of < $14,674.00 > for the Measure E Series 1 Improvements – Modernization projects at Springbrook and Westpark Elementary Schools as listed. No change to the completion date.
Quick Summary / Abstract:
Approve the listed change order in the amount of < $14,674.00 > for the Measure E Series 1 Improvements – Modernization projects at Springbrook and Westpark Elementary Schools as listed. No change to the completion date.
22. ITEMS REMOVED FROM THE CONSENT CALENDAR
23. ITEMS OF BUSINESS
23.a. Solar Project Installations at Sierra Vista Middle School and Culverdale, Westpark, El Camino Real, Canyon View, and Deerfield Elementary Schools
Rationale:
On March 26, 2019, the Irvine Unified School District (IUSD) Board of Education approved a new Solar Power Services and Site Lease Agreement with Onyx Development Group, LLC that replaced the original Solar Power Services and Site Lease Agreement with SunEdison approved in December, 2009. The new agreement between IUSD and Onyx Development Group, LLC allows the parties to continue IUSD’s solar program at existing sites and any new school sites.

On January 14, 2020, after consideration of the results of six (6) Public Information Meetings held for Phase 6 Solar Vehicle Shade Structure projects, the IUSD Board of Education approved staff to proceed with the planning process for the construction at six (6) additional sites.

To date, solar panels have been installed at twenty-eight (28) District sites generating 8.1 megawatts of solar energy. The initial solar panel installed at Maintenance and Operations (M&O) began producing power in August, 2010. Since that time, the District has saved approximately $2.26 million in electricity costs through June 30, 2019.

The Board of Education directed staff to bring back any additional sites that were determined to be suitable for the installation of solar panels, for consideration. Staff is proposing the installation of solar vehicle shade structures at Sierra Vista Middle School and Culverdale, Westpark, El Camino Real, Canyon View, and Deerfield Elementary Schools. If approved, the installation of the panels will begin in June 2020 with completion prior to January 1, 2021, pending approval by the Division of the State Architect. As designed, the solar vehicle shade structures for Phase 6 would generate an additional 3.1 megawatts of solar energy production to the District’s solar program.


IUSD/Fogarty/Hoffman
Board Agenda
February 4, 2020
 
Financial Impact:
The cost of the project will be offset by anticipated savings in energy consumption: (i) there will be no upfront capital costs for installation of the solar photovoltaic systems; (ii) Onyx Development Group, LLC will own, operate and maintain the systems; (iii) the District will lease a portion of its property on selected sites to Onyx Development Group, LLC for installation of the systems; and (iv) the District will purchase solar services generated by the systems at a set price comparable to or below current retail rates to mitigate its electricity needs from Southern California Edison.

Recommended Motion:
Approve the installation of solar vehicle shade structures at Sierra Vista Middle School and Culverdale, Westpark, El Camino Real, Canyon View, and Deerfield Elementary Schools.
Quick Summary / Abstract:
Approve the installation of solar vehicle shade structures at Sierra Vista Middle School and Culverdale, Westpark, El Camino Real, Canyon View, and Deerfield Elementary Schools.
23.b. Public Disclosure of Collective Bargaining Agreement (AB 1200) Between the Irvine Unified School District and the Irvine Teachers Association (ITA)
Rationale:
Under the provisions of Section 3457.5 of the Government Code, local educational agencies are required to publicly disclose the provisions of all collective bargaining agreements before entering into a written agreement.  Under AB 2756 (Daucher), the school district superintendent and chief business officer are required to certify that costs incurred under the collective bargaining agreement can be met during the term of the agreement.

Further, AB 1200 mandates that the Public Disclosure of Collective Bargaining Agreement be forwarded to the Orange County Department of Education for their inspection and approval prior to Board ratification.  The AB 1200 documents have been reviewed and approved by the Orange County Department of Education.

The attached Public Disclosure of the Collective Bargaining Agreement certifies that the District can meet the obligations of the Collective Bargaining Agreement.


IUSD/Fogarty
Board Agenda
February 4, 2020

Attachment

 
Financial Impact:
1.70% increase on all elements of the 2018-19 Salary Schedule retroactive to July 1, 2019, a 1.00% one-time off-schedule payment based on the new 2019-20 salary schedule, an increase to District Benefit Contribution per eligible employee from $10,275 to $11,015.

A one-time contribution of $2,000,000 will be made to the reserve fund of the Benefit Management Board for all plan participants for the 2019-20 school year.  ITA’s portion is $1,251,405.

Net fiscal impact of $7,471.626.00 for the 2019-20 school year.

Recommended Motion:
Accept the Public Disclosure of Collective Bargaining Agreement (AB 1200) Between the Irvine Unified School District and the Irvine Teachers Association.
Quick Summary / Abstract:
Accept the Public Disclosure of Collective Bargaining Agreement (AB 1200) Between the Irvine Unified School District and the Irvine Teachers Association.
Attachments:
AB 1200 Irvine Teachers Association 19-20
23.c. Public Disclosure of Collective Bargaining Agreement (AB 1200) Between the Irvine Unified School District and the Irvine Supervisory Association (ISA)
Rationale:
Under the provisions of Section 3457.5 of the Government Code, local educational agencies are required to publicly disclose the provisions of all collective bargaining agreements before entering into a written agreement.  Under AB 2756 (Daucher), the school district superintendent and chief business officer are required to certify that costs incurred under the collective bargaining agreement can be met during the term of the agreement.

Further, AB 1200 mandates that the Public Disclosure of Collective Bargaining Agreement be forwarded to the Orange County Department of Education for their inspection and approval prior to Board ratification.  The AB 1200 documents have been reviewed and approved by the Orange County Department of Education.

The attached Public Disclosure of the Collective Bargaining Agreement certifies that the District can meet the obligations of the Collective Bargaining Agreement.


IUSD/Fogarty
Board Agenda
February 4, 2020

Attachment

 
Financial Impact:
1.70% increase on all elements of the 2018-19 Salary Schedule retroactive to July 1, 2019, a 1.00% one-time off-schedule payment based on the new 2019-20 salary schedule, and an increase to District Benefit Contribution per eligible employee from $10,275 to $11,015. 

A one-time contribution of $2,000,000 will be made to the reserve fund of the Benefit Management Board for all plan participants for the 2019-20 school year.  ISA’s portion is $22,651. 

Net fiscal impact of $135,239 for the 2019-20 school year.

Recommended Motion:
Accept the Public Disclosure of Collective Bargaining Agreement (AB 1200) with the Irvine Supervisory Association.
Quick Summary / Abstract:
Accept the Public Disclosure of Collective Bargaining Agreement (AB 1200) with the Irvine Supervisory Association.
Attachments:
AB 1200 Irvine Supervisory Association 19-20
23.d. Ratification of the Tentative Agreement Between the Irvine Unified School District and the Irvine Teachers Association for Salary, Benefits and Certain Contractual Language for 2019-20
Rationale:

The Irvine Unified School District and the Irvine Teachers Association met to negotiate wages and working conditions as required by the Educational Employment Relations Act (EERA) and as outlined in Government Code 3547.5. The terms of the Tentative Agreement settle contract matters for salary, benefits and enumerated articles listed below for 2019-20.

The terms of the settlement will be made available to the public and to the County Office of Education, as required in accordance with AB 1200 (Statues of 1991, Chapter 1213) and Government Code 3547.5. The Tentative Agreement ratification process was completed and verified by the Irvine Teachers Association membership by January 30, 2020.

ARTICLE 7 - PAYROLL DEDUCTION

The District shall honor an employee's written request to authorize payroll deductions for the Association as set forth in Article 7.

ARTICLE 17 - COMPENSATION AND RELATED BENEFITS

17.1 Salary Schedule

17.1.1 Effective July 1, 2019, all elements of the current Salary Schedules shall be increased by 1.7%. Increases to stipends, summer school program rates, the share rate, and the hourly rate shall be effective from April 1, 2020 and shall not be retroactive.

In addition, bargaining unit members who are in regular paid status on March 31, 2020 shall receive a one-time 1% off-schedule payment calculated on the unit member's placement on the newly ratified 2019-20 salary schedule.

17.1.3 Six thousand three hundred eight dollars ($6,308) shall be added to the annual salary of all unit members who provide Speech and Language services in the District and hold a Clinical Rehabilitation Services Credential or Speech-Language Pathology Credential.

17.1.4 Eight thousand eight hundred ninety-nine dollars ($8,899) shall be added to the annual salary of all unit members who provide Speech and Language services in the District and hold a Clinical Rehabilitation Services Credential and a Speech Pathologist License, or a Speech-Language Pathology Credential and a Speech Pathologist License.

17.8 Summer School Intersession

17.8.1 Summer School Intersession hourly rates shall be determined as follows:

Years of District Experience     Rate of Pay
  0-10 years                              $39.14/hour
11-15 years                              $41.24/hour
16+ years                                 $43.67/hour

17.9 Hourly Rate of Pay

17.9.1 The hourly rate shall be $39.14.

ARTICLE 18 - BENEFITS MANAGEMENT BOARD (BMB)

18.1.3.2 If the recommended funding level is greater than the existing District contribution, the BMB may, between April 1 and May 1, take action to implement or change one or more of the following:

  • Plan modifications
  • Unit member modifications for dependent coverage
  • Unit member contributions for employee coverage
  • Allocate excess funds from the insurance reserve to offset increased costs, so long as the remaining reserve balance is sufficient to cover two (2) months of claims.

18.2 Effective July 1, 2019, the District's contribution for health benefits shall be eleven thousand fifteen dollars ($11,015) per eligible unit member per benefit year unless modified through the provisions of Article 18.2.1.

In addition, the district shall make a one-time contribution of two million ($2,000,000) to the reserve fund of Benefit Management Board for the 2019-20 school year. The District's contribution shall be subject to annual negotiations.

18.7 The District shall provide medical, dental and vision benefits as specified by the BMB to unit members retiring under the following conditions.

  • Have reached their 55th birthday;
  • Have served a minimum of fifteen (15) full-time or equivalent years in the District as a certificated employee; and
  • The last five (5) years (part-time or full-time) of service prior to retirement have been consecutive.

Placement on a reemployment list per California Education Code section 44978.1 during the last five years of service prior to retirement shall not constitute a break in service for purposes of eligibility under this provision.

ARTICLE 28 - RETIREMENT

28.1 The District shall offer a unit member upon retirement a recognition stipend of $5,000. The recognition shall be offered to a unit member under the following conditions:

  • Have served a minimum of fifteen (15) full time or equivalent years in the District as a certificated employee; and
  • The last five (5) years (part-time or full-time) of service prior to retirement have been consecutive.

Placement on a reemployment list per California Education Code section 44978.1 during the last five years of service prior to retirement shall not constitute a break in service for purposes of eligibility under this provision.


IUSD/O'Donovan
Board Agenda
February 4, 2020

Attachments

 
Financial Impact:
1.70% increase on all elements of the 2018-19 Salary Schedule retroactive to July 1, 2019, a 1.00% one-time off-schedule payment based on the new 2019-20 salary schedule, an increase to District Benefit Contribution per eligible employee from $10,275 to $11,015.

A one-time contribution of $2,000,000 will be made to the reserve fund of the Benefit Management Board for all plan participants for the 2019-20 school year.  ITA’s portion is $1,251,405.

Net fiscal impact of $7,471.626.00 for the 2019-20 school year.
Recommended Motion:
Ratify the Tentative Agreement between the Irvine Unified School District and the Irvine Teachers Association for salary, benefits and certain contractual language for 2019-20.
Quick Summary / Abstract:
Ratify the Tentative Agreement between the Irvine Unified School District and the Irvine Teachers Association for salary, benefits and certain contractual language for 2019-20.
Attachments:
Article 7
Article 17
Article 18
Article 28
CE Salary Schedule
HS Counselors
MS and Elem Counselors
23.e. Salary and Benefits Settlement with the Irvine Supervisors Association (ISA) for 2019-20
Rationale:

The Irvine Unified School District (IUSD) and the Irvine Supervisors Association (ISA) entered into the Meet and Confer process regarding compensation and related benefits for the 2019-20 school year.

The terms of the settlement will be made available to the public and to the County Office of Education, as required in accordance with AB 1200 (Statues of 1991, Chapter 1213) and Government Code 3547.5.

Irvine Supervisors Association

Article 7 - Compensation and Related Benefits

7.2 Effective July 1, 2019, the salary schedules shall be increased by 1.7%. There shall be a one-time 1.0% off-schedule payment, based on the new 2019-20 salary schedule, to be paid in one (1) increment on the first available pay warrant.

7.8.1 Effective July 1, 2019, supervisory employees shall be granted an anniversary increment $53.15 per month beginning after six full years of service as a permanent classified employee and continuing each year until reaching a cumulative maximum of $637.80 per month (twelve increments). Anniversary increments shall be prorated on the basis of hours worked in relation to full time; for example, four hours of work would be 4/8 (50%) entitlement to the anniversary increment.

The increase to longevity pay for additional or overtime hours beyond the regular assignment for monthly supervisory employees will commence on the first work day after the board approval of the MOU.

Article 8 - Health and Welfare Benefits

8.1.9 Effective July 1, 2019, the District shall pay $11,015 per eligible unit member per benefit year. The District's contribution shall be subject to annual review.

In addition, the District shall make one one-time contribution of $2,000,000 to the reserve fund of the Benefit Management Board for the 2019-20 school year.

 

IUSD/O'Donovan
Board Agenda
February 4, 2020

Attachment

 
Financial Impact:
1.70% increase on all elements of the 2018-19 Salary Schedule retroactive to July 1, 2019, a 1.00% one-time off-schedule payment based on the new 2019-20 salary schedule, and an increase to District Benefit Contribution per eligible employee from $10,275 to $11,015. 

A one-time contribution of $2,000,000 will be made to the reserve fund of the Benefit Management Board for all plan participants for the 2019-20 school year.  ISA’s portion is $22,651. 

Net fiscal impact of $135,239 for the 2019-20 school year.
Recommended Motion:
Approve the settlement on salary and benefits with the Irvine Supervisors Association for 2019-20.
Quick Summary / Abstract:
Approve the settlement on salary and benefits with the Irvine Supervisors Association for 2019-20.
Attachments:
ISA 19-20 MOU
24. ORAL COMMUNICATION
Quick Summary / Abstract:
An opportunity to speak to a topic not on the agenda; limited to 3 minutes per person, 30 minutes per topic.
25. CLOSED SESSION
Quick Summary / Abstract:
Conducted in accordance with applicable sections of California law, Closed Sessions are not open to the general public.
26. ADJOURNMENT
27. Board Meeting Information
Quick Summary / Abstract:

FUTURE MEETINGS:
February 18, 2020
March 3, 2020

The District will make every attempt to accommodate any attendee or participant at this meeting who needs special assistance, when notice is given to the Superintendent's Office 949.936.5000 at least 48 hours prior to the meeting.
Regular Board Meetings are broadcast live on Cox channel 39 and AT&T U-verse channel 99.

The board meeting agenda and support materials are accessible from the District's web site (www.iusd.org/board/) prior to the close of business on the Friday preceding the meeting. Any written materials distributed to the Board after the 72 hour posting period will also be made available for public review at the time of distribution. Copies may also be obtained at the District Administration Center or at the meeting.

* Opportunities for public input occur at the beginning of each agenda item.  Persons wishing to address the Board should complete a blue request form, available on the information table, and submit it to the Board Secretary. Each topic or item is limited to 30 minutes; each speaker is limited to 3 minutes.

Disability Information:
The District will make every attempt to accommodate any attendee or participant at this meeting who needs special assistance, when notice is given to the Superintendent's Office 949.936.5000 at least 48 hours prior to the meeting.

Published: January 31, 2020, 11:17 AM

The resubmit was successful.